Additional Resources

Below you will find a variety of information that supplements the rest of our website.

Awards and Recognition

Woodruff Manor Honors Crystal Lewis
2013 Skilled Nursing Facility Caregiver of the Year

Congratulations to Woodruff Manor's very own Crystal Lewis, winner of the 2013 All About Seniors Caregiver Awards in the skilled nursing division.  The announcement was made on Thursday evening, May 23, 2013, at a ceremony and dinner held at The Hilton in Greenville, SC, where all nominees and supporters gathered for the announcement.

Crystal was nominated by her peers at Woodruff Manor for her tremendous devotion to our residents.  As stated in our letter of nomination, "Besides Crystal's graceful patience and selfless service, she demonstrates pure kindness and love that is often talked about but rarely practiced.  It is Crystal's goal and pride to know each resident on a personal level."

Crystal's dedication is an understatement.  Not only is she the leader of our activities department, but she is also a very active participant throughout Woodruff Manor and within the Woodruff community.  The residents and staff alike love her and appreciate the largest to the very smallest acts of kindness and concern she extends to all of us on a daily basis.

Crystal is a truly unique individual.  She is the light of Woodruff Manor, and we are all so lucky to experience what she shares with each and every one of us.

Understanding the Aging Process

Aging is a continual process from the moment we are born. There are factors which sometimes affect how we age, including diseases, lifestyle and exposures, not to mention the aging process itself.  There are changes in a person as he/she ages. The elderly are more at risk for certain conditions and outcomes. 

Woodruff Manor is committed to minimizing these risks, but we cannot totally prevent them.  Listed below are some of the common risks elderly persons may face.   


Factors such as altered visual acuity, decreased reaction time, decreased balance and muscle strength, demineralization of the bones, and increased incident of orthostatic hypotension are conditions which put the elderly at risk for falls.  Diagnoses related to memory problems, such as dementia or Alzheimer’s, can cause poor safety awareness and can increase the risk of falls.  Medical conditions such as arthritis, strokes, fractures, Parkinson’s disease, and foot disorders and/or deformities make the possibility for falls more likely. 


Pain is a common experience for many elderly.  Pain is associated with a variety of chronic and acute medical conditions, including arthritis, muscle and bone conditions, cancer, shingles, poor circulation, injuries, and inflammatory diseases.

Weight Loss and Dehydration

Due to a decrease or loss of taste and smell, some elderly persons may lose their desire to eat and drink.  Sometimes dementia and memory loss cause a person to refuse to eat or drink.  A decrease in kidney function can lead to more fluid loss and dehydration.  Also, loss of saliva may make the swallowing of foods more difficult.  Even certain medications may cause a reduction in appetite and thirst sensation. 

Skin Tears, Bruising, Pressure Ulcers, and Wounds

As the aging process continues, the skin becomes fragile as there is a loss of fat under the skin and a decrease in blood circulation, thereby making elderly individuals more at risk to injure the skin, even by completing daily living tasks. There are many other factors which affect the skin as well.  They include, but are not limited to,  lack of exercise, loss of bowel and/or bladder control, poor nutrition, dehydration, diabetes, renal failure, peripheral vascular disease, anemia, dementia, and infections.  Any of these factors can put an elderly person at risk for skin tears, bruising, and the development of ulcers and/or wounds.

Dementia and Memory Loss

In addition to physical condition changes, mental conditions may appear in the elderly.  The most common is dementia.  Behaviors such as verbal and physical abuse, acting inappropriately in public, resisting necessary care, and wandering may become present. Other medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, strokes, psychiatric diseases, and Parkinson’s disease may increase the risk of developing dementia.  


The immune system is affected by the aging process.  It is one of the reasons the elderly are more prone to infections, tumors, and other immune diseases.  Lack of exercise and movement can increase an elderly individual's risk of pneumonia.  A decrease in fluid consumption may cause urinary tract infections.  Once an infection is present, an elderly person is more at risk for other medical complications and death due to his/her body’s ability to fight the infection.


Clinical depression is associated with many symptoms such as depressed mood, loss of interest, change in appetite, weight loss/gain, insomnia, agitation, decreased energy, feeling of worthlessness, and thoughts of dying and/or suicide.  Also, depression may be associated with chronic medical illnesses or disabilities.  Complicated by dementia, bereavement for the loss of a loved one or friend and certain medications may also have a side effect of depression.


Due to age-related changes, as well as any present medical conditions, many elderly take a variety of medications. These medications need to be monitored very closely because they can decrease kidney function and metabolism, which can lead to toxicity in some cases.

Urinary Incontinence

The loss of bladder control is often a condition in the elderly.  Risk factors for this condition include advancement in aging, childbearing, depression, heart attacks, strokes, congestive heart failure, constipation, obesity, chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), chronic cough, and impaired activities of daily living. The most common type of urinary incontinence in the elderly is called urge incontinence.  Urge incontinence causes the bladder to contract when it should not as the urethra opens allowing urine to leak without the person’s voluntary control.